What Is Strep Throat?
Itchy, sore and swollen throat can lead to infection which are very painful and had to bear. These throat infections are caused because of bacteria and in later steps are taken into strep throat which is on a particular area of throat. Usually children in the age bracket of 4 and 10 are victims of strep throat. Teenagers are also prone in catching it.
Strep throat is found to carry its germs from one person to another and is known as contagious disease. The infection is caused by class A or type 1 of streptococcal bacteria. It is very important to treat strep throat for couple of reasons. Firstly, if it is not cured well on time then it can affect your kidney which gives high temperature and severe pains in the joins like knees and elbows.
In this article you will find all the necessary information which will give you a lead on how to diagnose, find out the symptoms and even how to treat them. Read the article all the way to its end to find answers of most of the questions which bear in your mind.
What Causes Strep Throat?
Causes are the reasons of any disease or medical condition; they are known for the first step of treating them. Having said so, it means that the treatments are mostly linked with the cause. Here are the main causes of strep throat:
Medical Cause of Strep Throat
Medically speaking, strep throat is associated with a category of bacteria which is known as streptococcus or GAS. This special kind of bacteria is seen or observed in the throat and effects tonsils as well.
Soreness and Itchiness on the Throat
It is noticed that sore and itchy throat can cause strep throat which are followed with temperature and infection. This infection is developed by virus and not bacteria. If the sore throat is infectious, it can lead to strep throat which is bacterial.
Strep throat is easily Transmitted
The droplets of sneezes or cough becomes the source of strep throat and that make sit contagious. What really happens is the bacteria is spread once the patient coughs or sneezes throwing droplets of saliva in the air. This bacteria can be carried by any form, when the person sneezes or coughs near the doorknob, table, bed or kitchen can become the agent of transmitting bacteria.
Symptoms Of Strep Throat:
Signs and symptoms help in diagnosing any disease and they are the first thing to rely on to find out about diseases. Likewise, strep throat have some general and common symptoms which helps us to find out about its tracings.
Swallowing becomes difficult and the person who has infected strep throat finds hard in gulping food and in severe cases drinking water. It is said that strep throat is worst form of throat infection.
Pain persists for hours and hours which is not only in the throat but also on the neck and head.
Nodes or knots are formed in the neck and it causes great pain. They can be prevented and in case they are not cured, you must see a doctor.
Fever and headache
Your body catches fever and headache. This pain and fever doesn’t wear off and stays as a permanent thing till strep throat isn’t treated.
Rashes on the inner side of the throat can be seen with the help of torch.
Vomiting and stomach ache
Usually when children have strep throat, they cough and sneeze a lot which causes itchiness and results in vomiting. Stomachache also becomes part of the problem.
Fatigue, restlessness and irritation is followed with above mentioned symptoms.
P.S: it is not necessary that the child or the person who has all or some of the symptoms is declared with strep throat. However, it is possible that the person has something like throat infection or any other ENT problem.
Is Strep Throat Contagious?
Yes, strep throat is contagious but it is easy to keep yourself away from it by following preventive measures (also discussed under the heading of Can Strep Throat be Prevented? When we sneeze or cough microscopic or very small saliva particles are released on the air. It is caught by people unknowingly. This catching of droplets goes in your mouth and infect your throat.
Home Remedies For Strep Throat:
Home remedies are one of the most used ways of treating strep throat. Here are some of them which clearly puts a positive effect in soreness, itchiness and other things which are found as a characteristic of strep throat.
1. Drink or Gaggle Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar has many potentials and among them treating and taking care of strep throat is also included. What needs to be done to use apple cider vinegar is mentioned below:
- Take half a glass of water.
- Add half a glass of apple cider vinegar.
- Put it in microwave for a minute.
- Gaggle the mixture thoroughly for five to six times.
- Repeat every day.
2. Cayenne Pepper
Cayenne pepper serves best in the following form:
- Take cayenne pepper and crush it to form powder.
- Add some water to make a thick solution.
- Now take a Q-tip and dap it in the solution.
- Apply it at strep throat.
- Repeat it in alternative days.
3. Vitamin C
Take vitamin C tablets or do following in order to wear off strep throat.
- Utilize maximum fruits and foods which have vitamin c.
- Take tablets of vitamin c.
4. Water intake
Water intake can help in dealing with strep throat. You can add flavor to it too.
- Take a bottle and fill it up with clean water.
- Squeeze out all the juice of lime in it. (2 in quantity for a liter of water)
- Add 4 tablespoons of honey or sugar to make it tastier.
- Drink throughout the day.
5. Rest and comfort
Rest helps in reducing pain. It is necessary when you have fever.
Treatment Of Strep Throat:
Treatment is only possible when the diagnosis is correct. Self-medication can help at times but can be the cause of other problems. To avoid the situation you should take doctor’s help. Do as directed. He might give you one of the following treatments.
Pain killers or relaxants like Tylenol, Mortin IB, Advil, Panadol and Aspirin help in reducing pain. However, aspirin is said to be harmful for children.
Amoxicillin and Penicillin are antibiotics which help in strep throat. Penicillin is injected and not taken orally and is good for children who find swallowing other syrups or capsules. Whereas, amoxicillin is much tastier and liked by children.
These antibiotics are taken in order to make other safe from the bacterial infection of throat known as strep throat. After taking medicines the person who has strep throat should feel better in two to three days. If not, then he should be taken proper care as it can lead to risk.
Can Strep Throat Be Prevented?
Prevention is always better than cure and it has its own importance. There are number of ways through which we can prevent ourselves from catching strep throat. Some common ones involve following:
Contact with people:
It is advised to keep yourself away from people who have strep throat. Those who have it diagnosed and even those who have the symptoms of having strep throat. It is likable to catch infection if you stay close or get physical with them.
Take care of hygiene:
Washing hands and taking care of hygiene is the best way to prevent yourself from strep throat. It is one basic strategy to keep away from catching any contagious disease. It works well and safeguards you against the disease.
Sharing is not always caring:
Sharing is caring but not always because it may catch infections and contagious diseases. It is recommended to use your own tooth brush, hair brush, towel, comb and even sheets in order to stay prevented from catching contagious diseases. Also avoid sharing same drink or food which a person with strep throat has used.
Cover your nose and mouth:
Covering your nose and mouth while sneezing or coughing is said to be the main and basic prevention from throwing infection on others. The person on the receiving end should try to wear surgical mask when an old person has strep throat. It is also recommended to wear head scarf when you are near the patient.
When To See A Doctor?
How to get rid of strep throat is simple and difficult in same go. It can be taken care by the home remedies but when those cures don’t work out or certain characteristics don’t subside, there is a need of seeing a doctor. What he will do and how he treats comes in later stages. Some common factors which can become risky for your heath suggests you to seek professional help in order to get better.
- When temperature exceeds to 101 degrees with extreme aching throat for more than 48 hours then you must see a doctor.
- The feel of blocked throat and nose which is due to enflamed tonsils then it is another sign of seeing a doctor.
- When you find symptoms of scarlet fever which appears with rashes on the throat.
All these signs are of bacterial throat infection and medical assistance with the help of a specialized doctor is a must thing. Doctor will take care of the strep throat and will prescribe you antibiotics to get it cured.